- The best mattress manufacturers
- Types and arrangement of mattresses
- The main criteria for choosing a mattress
- Which mattress to choose
- How much do mattresses cost
The best mattress manufacturers – which company to choose
A high-quality mattress is made from safe, environmentally friendly materials and ensures the correct position of the body during sleep. It does not collect dust, does not accumulate static electricity and does not cause allergic reactions. Therefore, a person wakes up in the morning “as good as new.”
Mattresses from the following manufacturers meet these requirements:
Some mattresses may be equipped with additional features, such as automatic drying or product heating technology. But when buying a product, you need to take into account that the price of the goods depends on the number of “bells and whistles”.
Types and arrangement of mattresses
Mattresses can be spring and springless, as well as inflatable and water. Let’s analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
The basis for spring models is a dependent or independent spring block. It is “wrapped” in several layers of filler, which in turn are covered with a cover. The more layers, the better the mattress. Various materials can be used as filling: polyurethane foam, latex, coconut fibers (coir), etc. Latex, for example, is used to make the mattress soft, and coir to make it harder.
Mattresses with dependent spring block
The springs in the dependent spring block are connected to each other. Therefore, if you press on one of them, it will affect the rest. The number of springs in the product must be at least 120 per m2.
- Low price;
- Such mattresses do not provide the proper orthopedic effect – they do not adapt well to the curves of our body;
- Over time, the product sags;
- Not recommended for children. Sleeping on such a mattress can cause improper formation of the spine;
- Not suitable for couples with a large difference in weight. A person with a low weight will roll towards a heavier partner;
- During operation, the springs become loose and begin to creak;
Mattresses with independent spring block
The springs in such a product are not connected to each other. Each spring is placed in a special case and functions independently of the “neighbors”. The optimal number of springs in the product is 256 pcs. per m2, but it can be 1,700 pcs. per m2 in multipacks. The higher this value, the better and more comfortable the mattress.
- The spring block adapts well to the bends of the body and correctly distributes the load;
- Products withstand heavy loads;
- Long service life;
- Quiet during operation;
- Mattresses can be used for couples with large weight differences and children;
- High price;
- Over time, the springs begin to creak (but later than in models with a dependent spring block).
The basis for springless mattresses can be monoblocks made of latex, felt, sheep wool, etc., which are covered with a special cover. The main characteristics of the product depend on the properties of the filler. For example, coir mattresses are characterized by increased rigidity, so they are often recommended for children, and cotton models do not have any orthopedic properties, so they should only be used as a temporary measure.
- Do not make any sounds during the entire period of operation;
- Easy to transport;
- Have a small weight;
- A wide range of. You can choose a springless mattress for anyone: a small child, a person with a large weight, a married couple or a person suffering from problems with the musculoskeletal system;
- The disadvantages of springless mattresses depend on the properties of the filler (see “The main criteria for choosing a mattress”).
As a filler for a water mattress, special fibers and water are used, which is constantly heated. The heater of the product must be constantly connected to the electrical network (it consumes about 10–15 kilowatts per month), but even if the electricity is turned off for a day, the mattress will not have time to cool.
Water mattresses can be single-chamber and multi-chamber. Single-chamber products are not suitable for couples, because. partners feel each other’s movements. In addition, with a large difference in weight, one person sleeps comfortably in a water hole while the other balances on a swollen surface. For couples, it is recommended to buy a mattress with two independent parts or a multi-chamber model.
- Adapt to the contours of the human body, correctly distributing the load;
- Mattresses are equipped with a special heating function;
- Long service life (15–20 years);
- Mattresses do not electrify, do not accumulate dust and do not cause allergic reactions;
- They have orthopedic and healing properties: they help with diseases of the musculoskeletal system, inflammation of the joints, rheumatism and cardiovascular diseases;
- Large weight (from 100 to 900 kg). This greatly complicates the transportation of the mattress when moving, as well as rearrangement in the house and repairs;
- Not suitable for those who like to sleep on a hard surface;
- Every two to three years, the water should be changed and a special antifungal conditioner should be used annually.
- High price;
These products are great for temporary use. For example, they can be used during the arrival of guests, at the cottage or the beach. There is no need to talk about any orthopedic properties of these mattresses – if you sleep on them for a long time, this will negatively affect the health of the musculoskeletal system.
However, it is worth noting that there are special orthopedic mattresses on sale. The manufacturers claim that the rigid surface and multi-chamber structure of these inflatables provide optimal muscle relaxation and support for the natural position of the spine. But such mattresses are only for sleeping – you can’t swim on them.
- Light weight;
- Affordable price;
- Easy to transport;
- Over time, they are blown away, so they need to be pumped up regularly;
- Not durable. Although manufacturers claim that the life of air mattresses is about 10 years, in practice, most products can withstand no more than two to three years;
- Many models have an unpleasant chemical smell that disappears over time;
- The air in the mattress quickly cools down, and it is cold to sleep on it;
- Pets can bite or pierce the surface of the mattress with their claws;
- The top side of the product is often covered with flock – a material that collects dust and debris from the entire apartment. Therefore, it should be cleaned with a special sticky roller. The bottom of the mattress is easily wiped with a cloth.
- Sleeping on ordinary air mattresses is uncomfortable – there are pains in the back and neck;
The main criteria for choosing a mattress
This material gives the mattress rigidity. Therefore, products filled with coconut coir are recommended for small children, including newborns, as well as people with a lot of weight. They keep their shape well, allow air to pass through and do not cause allergic reactions.
If coconut coir is used as a monoblock for a springless mattress, the product is characterized by increased rigidity. That is, the sensations will be as if you are sleeping on flexible boards.
This material is made from sheep’s wool, which is sometimes combined with synthetic fibers. It can be used as padding between the springs and/or one of the mattress layers. Felt increases the level of rigidity of the product and protects the outer layer of the filler from the physical impact of the spring block. This prolongs the life of the mattress.
Often used as the main filler in springless models. It makes the mattress softer and more elastic. Products made of latex follow the contours of the human body, ensuring its correct position during sleep. In addition, they are well ventilated and quickly evaporate moisture.
Latex can be natural or synthetic. Synthetic material is cheaper than natural material, but it is more rigid and less wear resistant. A product made from a natural substance will last you much longer.
When using latex-filled mattresses, some users note that:
- The product is too heavy (average weight is about 35-45 kg for a double size);
- After a few years, the mattress sags in the place where a person likes to sleep;
- The mattress smells unpleasant, but over time the smell disappears.
Cotton mattresses are easy to transport and convenient to store. They have a low cost and are great for arranging a temporary bed. Therefore, they are often used in hospitals, temporary buildings, dormitories, etc.
Unfortunately, cotton mattresses have many disadvantages:
- They do not have the proper orthopedic effect on the skeleton and muscle tissues of the sleeper;
- They quickly roll down and become unusable;
- Cotton mattresses often become a “home” for dust mites and fungi.
Shape memory foam (memorix)
Shape memory foam was created by NASA researchers to reduce the strain on the human body when flying into space. The material “remembered” the curves of the body and repeated them. But later NASA abandoned its use, and Memorix began to be used as a filler for mattresses.
Products made from this material provide proper support for the musculoskeletal system, adapting to the curves of the body. They reduce the load on the body of the sleeper and prevent squeezing of blood vessels. After the pressure on the mattress stops, the surface returns to its original shape.
However, not everyone likes products with memorix. Users note that the mattresses have an unpleasant chemical smell. In addition, some report the occurrence of allergic reactions, headaches, increased fatigue that occurred after purchasing products with memorix. These health problems can be caused by buying low quality mattresses.
Springless products with synthetic filler are lightweight and affordable. They are soft and comfortable, they are easy to transport and store – they fit in a backpack or car trunk. But such mattresses do not provide normal support for the musculoskeletal system, so they are not recommended to be used for a long time.
This material is breathable due to its porous structure and can be used by people prone to allergies. The rigidity of the mattress depends on the rigidity of the polyurethane foam. For example, a regular foam mattress is not particularly durable, but polyurethane derivatives such as shape memory foam and artificial latex make the product more durable, wear-resistant and comfortable.
This material has excellent hygroscopic properties and provides good air circulation. But if the mattress filler consists only of wool, there will be no proper orthopedic effect.
Mattresses vary in degree of firmness. The stiffness depends on the type of filler and the spring or springless block used.
- Soft mattresses are usually made from latex, cotton wool, memorix. They are often recommended for adults who weigh less than 55 kg, retirees and patients suffering from spinal problems. The more filler is on top of the side of the springs, the softer the mattress.
- Mattresses of medium hardness are often made from latex, polyurethane foam, coke coir, polyurethane foam. They are suitable for young people 13-25 years old, as well as those who weigh 55-90 kg.
- Hard and medium-hard mattresses (from coconut coir, felt, with a reinforced block of springs) are often used for children under 12 years old. This is necessary for the correct formation of the spine and the prevention of scoliosis. They are also recommended for overweight people.
- Two sides of the same mattress can have different degrees of firmness. Therefore, if you want to change the product from hard to medium-hard, it will be enough to turn the mattress over. By the way, regular turning of the mattress (every two or three months) increases its service life.
The size of the mattress should be selected according to the size of the bed. In addition, the product should be 15–20 cm longer than a person’s height, and twice as wide as the shoulder width.
Mattresses can be single (width about 0.9 m), one and a half (1.2 m) and double (1.4–1.6 m). The dimensions of standard mattresses for children are about 0.6 x 1.2 m.
The surface of mattresses with this option is upholstered in two different materials. On the one hand (winter), thermoregulating insulation (mainly wool) is used, and on the other (summer) – “breathable” materials (cotton). This ensures the most comfortable sleep at any time of the year.
The cover is in contact with our skin, so it must be made from high quality breathable materials. When sewing, it is often used:
- Jacquard is a dense fabric that is made from cotton and synthetic fibers. Known for its strength, durability, wear resistance and high cost. It passes air well, absorbs and releases moisture, does not cause allergic reactions.
- Wool is a practical and wear-resistant material that provides good thermal insulation. Woolen fabrics are resistant to pollution, they practically do not wrinkle and even have healing properties.
- Polycotton is often used in the production of budget models of mattresses. It consists of cotton and polyester fibers, so it has little breathability and can accumulate static electricity. However, polycotton practically does not wrinkle and retains its original presentation for a long time.
- Polyester is a cheap material that is made from synthetic polyester fibers. It does not allow air to circulate properly, it is electrified, but at the same time it is highly durable and durable.
- Satin is made from silk or cotton. It is a hygroscopic, breathable and lightweight material. It does not wrinkle and has good thermoregulating properties.
- Covers are removable and non-removable. Removable products allow you to check the “stuffing” of the mattress and facilitate the care of the product. However, after washing, they can “shrink” and can be difficult to put on the mattress.
- Products with non-removable covers should be used with special mattress toppers. This will prolong the life of the mattress.
Which mattress to choose
- Before buying a mattress, lie down on it for at least 10-15 seconds. Make sure that you are comfortable on it, and also evaluate the quality of the case and the smell of the product.
- Use a waterproof mattress topper over the mattress. It will protect the product from stains and damage. Thanks to this, you can return the mattress under warranty if it does not fit you or if there are any problems.
- If you have any diseases of the musculoskeletal system, consult a doctor and only then buy a mattress.
- If you decide to purchase a spring mattress, choose products with hardened steel springs. Hardening increases the strength of the metal and the durability of the product.
- Use thin mattresses (3-5 cm) as mattress pads to change the firmness of your bed.
- When choosing a mattress for two, pay attention to products with independent springs (especially if you and your partner have a big difference in weight), or models with two degrees of hardness on one side. You should not buy single-chamber water mattresses or products with a dependent spring block.
- Use inflatable, synthetic winterizer, foam rubber and wadded mattresses only as a temporary measure and do not let children sleep on them.
How much do mattresses cost
- The cost of mattresses with independent springs varies from 2,000 to 500,000 rubles. A good quality product can be found for 8000-16000 rubles.
- Prices for mattresses with a dependent spring block are 2,000–100,000 rubles, but most of these products will cost about 5,000–10,000 rubles.
- The cost of springless models depends on the type of filler and the number of layers. For example, goods made from latex can cost 5,000–195,000 rubles, and goods made from coconut coir can cost 2,000–88,000 rubles.
- Inflatable models can be found for 1,000–13,000 rubles, and two-season mattresses for 10,000–60,000 rubles.
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