In the forest, mushrooms feel at home, because for their development there are many necessary factors that, to put it mildly, are difficult to recreate on your site. Therefore, do not take the cultivation of mushrooms in the garden too seriously. Perhaps you will not receive the coveted harvest. But, as they say, the attempt is not torture. At the same time, owners of plots partially located in the forest or adjacent to it are more likely to succeed.
Most often in the garden plot it is possible to grow champignons, raincoats and variegated umbrellas. Less often – butterflies, boletus, boletus, boletus and chanterelles: they are more demanding on habitat conditions.
Some summer residents go the simple way: they dig a layer of earth around the found mushroom and transfer it to their site. We deliberately do not describe this method in detail, because we respect nature. Digging something in the forest means interfering with its ecosystem, and the consequences of such actions can be unpredictable and harmful to plants, insects and animals.
Instead, you can use two simple and eco-friendly ways to grow mushrooms in your garden. But first things first.
When to plant mushrooms
Optimally – from May to September. At this time, the soil is already warm enough and there will be no threat of frost, which can ruin all efforts. If you “sow” mushrooms using a solution from old specimens, you can do this many times throughout the season. Indeed, in the forest, different species appear at different times from summer to autumn.
How to choose a place to grow mushrooms
Mycelium lives in symbiosis with tree roots. Scientifically, this phenomenon is called mycorrhiza. Therefore, it is important to organize the right neighborhood on your site. At least one or two types of forest trees should grow in the garden – for example, pine, birch, oak, aspen or hornbeam. But trying to grow mushrooms under fruit trees will be a waste of time, because they will not be able to enter into the necessary symbiosis.
Choose shady places for mushrooms, where there is no direct sunlight. A suitable “bed” will be plots within a radius of at least 0.5 m from tree trunks. Their roots grow far in breadth, so the mushrooms will grow along the entire diameter of the root system.
How to grow mushrooms with mortar
Go to the forest and look for old, overripe mushrooms – the necessary spores have already begun to ripen in them. For a seedling solution, you will need at least 5 pieces. But the more oldies you find, the better.
Mushroom caps – it is in them that spores are located – chop in a meat grinder or blender. Put the resulting slurry in a 10-liter bucket and fill to the top with water. Let the mixture sit overnight. With the resulting solution, generously pour the ground under the trees. From above, the plot can be covered with rotted foliage.
How to grow mushrooms from mycelium
It is not at all necessary to go to the forest for planting material. In stores – usually in the departments with seeds – there are bags with the mycelium of various mushrooms.
Arm yourself with a shovel and remove the top layer of soil 10–15 cm in a radius of 0.5–1 m around the tree. Pour 2-3 cm of compost into this plot. Spread the mycelium on top of it and cover it with the previously removed soil.
After that, dilute 50 g of sugar in a 10-liter bucket and pour over the “bed”. Under one tree, you need to pour 20–30 liters of such a sweet solution. It is better to use a watering can with a diffuser nozzle so as not to blur the soil.
How to care for a mushroom plot
“Bed” does not require much attention. The main thing is to monitor the soil moisture and prevent it from drying out. Therefore, water the plot regularly and abundantly, even when the mushrooms begin to grow. In hot weather, it is better to do this twice, or even three times a day.
In autumn, when the air temperature begins to drop below 10 degrees Celsius, cover the mushroom meadow with spruce branches, fallen leaves or sawdust with a layer of 10 cm.